One of the lawsuits, filed recently by five former players of the Kansas City Chiefs, cites studies on concussion and brain trauma that date back to the 1920’s.
According to KDVR FOX-31 (Denver, 12/4/13), a study conducted by pathologist Harrison Martland in 1928 labeled repetitive head trauma and degenerative brain disease as the “punch drunk syndrome.” The latter term has been used for decades when referring to pugilists, presumably stemming from a 1934 study by Dr. Harry Parker on neurological degeneration in boxers.
However, among other studies the brain injury lawsuit cites is a 1937 meeting of the American Football Coaches Association, during which participants are said to have acknowledged a “keen awareness” of concussion risk.
The five plaintiffs who sought out a TBI lawyer are Alexander Louis Cooper, a Chiefs linebacker 1985-1991; Leonard Griffin, Chiefs defensive end 1986-1993; Joseph Phillips, Chiefs defensive tackle 1992-1993; Kevin Porter, Chiefs defensive back 1988-1993, and Christopher Martin, Chiefs linebacker 1988-1993, who is joined by his wife in the brain injury lawsuit.
Court documents cite the plaintiffs as claiming to suffer from severe and persistent headaches, post-concussion syndrome, depression, mood swings, exclusivity, suicidal ideations, and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE). The five former players claim in their traumatic brain injury lawsuit that the Kansas City Chiefs knew or should have known as early as 1966 that concussions are serious injuries not to be taken lightly (i.e., “having your bell rung…”) and without proper treatment could lead to impairment. That’s the year, according to the lawsuit, that the Congress of Neurological Surgeons released a report on the issue.
Meanwhile, a class-action brain injury lawsuit has been filed by former all-star hockey defenseman Gary Leeman and nine others, who claim the National Hockey League (NHL) failed to undertake precautions necessary to protect professional hockey players from a needless brain injury accident.
According to the Denver Post (11/26/13), court records reference a study undertaken by the NHL in 1997 with regard to brain injuries, creating a concussion program that was part of a seven-year focus. However, according to the plaintiffs, the league took no action to reduce the number and severity of concussions during that time, and only responded in 2010 when the so-called “head check” penalty was brought in.
“The NHL’s active and purposeful concealment of the severe risks of brain injuries exposed players to unnecessary dangers they could have avoided had the NHL provided them with truthful and accurate information and taken appropriate action to prevent needless harm,” the lawsuit says.
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Former NHL player Rick Vaive is also a plaintiff. The traumatic brain injury lawsuit was filed November 25 in US District Court for the District of Columbia, Leeman et al v. National Hockey League et al, Case No. 1:2013cv1856.
The football lawsuit is Players, et al v. Kansas City Chiefs and was filed in the Circuit Court of Jackson County, Missouri at Kansas City.