The first accident involved a woman who fell from a roller coaster called the Texas Giant at Six Flags over Texas in Arlington. According to ABC News (7/22/13), the victim reportedly expressed concern to a Six Flags employee that her lap bar might not have been secured properly, but the ride began anyhow. At some point during the ride, the woman was ejected from the car and fell approximately 75 feet to the ground. A medical examiner ruled that she died from traumatic injuries sustained in her fall.
In 2005, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) released a study on the failure of restraints in mobile amusement rides. The CPSC found that between 2,800 and 4,300 “non-occupational emergency-room-treated injuries were associated with mobile amusement rides for each year from 1997 through 2003.” The number of those that were caused by restraint failure was unknown. Furthermore, the study noted that there were between 10 and 17 deaths from 1987 to 2001 involving a mobile amusement ride.
Although the numbers are small, the CPSC only has jurisdiction over mobile rides, such as those involved in carnivals and festivals, not over fixed-site rides, such as amusement parks or theme parks. Oversight of fixed-site rides varies by state. In some states, there is no oversight of how rides are set up, operated or maintained.
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In Montana, a carnival ride was closed after a rider fell from the Zipper during a state fair. In this case, the accident occurred while the ride was being unloaded and therefore not in motion. According to the Great Falls Tribune (7/31/13), although the woman required medical attention, it was not clear how serious her injuries were. She is believed to have fallen approximately 8 to 10 feet and hit her head during the fall.