According to the NRDC report, this year storm water has washed more pollution than ever into beach waters, and pollution-related closings and health advisories at U.S. beaches were more numerous than ever. There were more than 25,000 days of closings and advisories at ocean, bay and Great Lakes beaches--28 percent more than the previous year.
Pollution on the Rise
With an increase in stormwater runoff, NRDC expects the trend to continue.
"The runoff comes from a variety of sources - agricultural, industry, and just plain commuter traffic," says James L., an environmental engineer who specializes in storm water management.
"It's obviously most prevalent in over-developed areas. Many developers turn a blind eye to it if they're not required to take proactive measures. And the government is not doing enough to protect the public, so it's getting worse."
The NRDC has identified 92 high-risk beaches in 19 states that violated public health standards at least 25 percent of the time, according to monitoring data.
Some of the many high-risk beaches (whom the NRDC dubs "beach bums") include Jackson Park Beach in Chicago, Venice Beach in California and several beaches in the Chesapeake Bay, where pollution-related closing and advisories have been increasing steadily over the past three years.
A lawsuit filed against the EPA by the NRDC last summer is part of a host of lawsuits by concerned community members and advocacy organizations.
"You find these beaches everywhere; it's not just an urban problem," notes James. "Citizens really have to take action and take to the courts."
Current Standards "Obsolete"
The NRDC report states that "Current EPA-recommended beachwater quality standards are 20 years old and rely on obsolete monitoring methods and out-of-date science that leave beachgoers vulnerable to a range of waterborne illnesses." As a result of its findings, the NRDC has taken legal action.
NRDC identifies numerous quick fixes such as fixing leaky plumbing in bathhouses or providing special trash cans for pet waste, as well as big-picture fixes, such as improved controls on sewage overflows and better stormwater runoff regulations.
The question is: Why does it so often take a lawsuit to get a public beach to clean up its act?
Pollution Causing Sickness
"The best way to keep swimmers from getting sick is to keep pollution out of the water," states the NRDC.
Unfortunately this message hasn't gotten through, and pollution at many public beaches has lead to sickness in children and adults, as well as a host of problems for local ecosystems.
"In some cases, [governments] haven't been keeping up to date on the environment. In other cases, they're in the back pocket of the developers." James notes. "Either way, it shakes public confidence in our beaches, and our politicians."