But chemical manufacturers are also on the hook as many firefighting foam lawsuits are fired against them – brought by people nationwide who lived near military bases where PFAS contaminated their water supplies and also brought by former fire fighters diagnosed with cancer.
According to the GOA report, cleanup costs include water treatment systems installations and providing bottled water to residents whose drinking water sources are now contaminated. But PFAS can take thousands of years to degrade: the chemicals stay in soil and can leech into water, hence the nickname “forever chemicals”. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention studies have shown PFAS chemicals primarily settle into the blood, kidney and liver, and are likely in the blood of 98% of the U.S. population. The DOD cleanup could seem like putting a bandage on a bullet wound.
The Environmental Working Group (EWG) has identified 703 US military sites with known and suspected discharges of PFAS compounds. It says the June 2021 GAO report confirms how little progress the Pentagon has made in cleaning up legacy PFAS pollution, that the cost of remediation is going to grow and it could be decades before DOD cleans up the most contaminated sites.
In its June 2021 report, the GOA says the DOD is in the early phases of environmental investigations at the military locations and the estimated $2.1 billion will “likely increase significantly, because DOD is still in the early phases of its PFAS investigation.”
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PFAS Contaminate Oceans?
Meanwhile, according to the GOA:
- DOD has come up with six possible firefighting foams that do not contain PFAS but as of March 2021 PFAS-free foams have been unable to fully meet DOD's current performance requirements.
- DOD has to ensure—by law-- that a PFAS-free firefighting alternative is available for use at its installations by October 2023.
- DOD is funding research to address challenges associated with identifying PFAS-free alternatives.