The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) has now released a report on the accident, which occurred at around 2:00 a.m. in 2005. The NTSB says that the truck driver likely fell asleep at the wheel and the truck drifted to the shoulder of the road. The driver then swerved back onto the road resulting in his truck flipping over. The truck driver was driving on a suspended license.
According to the report, "…the driver of the truck-tractor semitrailer was fatigued and fell asleep at the wheel because he did not use his off-duty time to obtain sufficient sleep to safely operate the vehicle. With the low-light conditions of a dark night, the motorcoach driver was unable to see the truck blocking travel lanes in time to avoid the collision."
The family of one of the people killed in the accident—a student teacher—has filed a lawsuit against the truck driver and Whole Foods, the company that the driver worked for. At least 9 other civil lawsuits have also been filed regarding the crash.
As a result of the report, the NTSB has called for trucking companies to enforce that their drivers get sufficient rest. The organization has also recommended that the government mandate the use of alarm systems to warn exhausted drivers. One such alarm system includes a dashboard-mounted camera that tracks a driver's eyelid movements and sends an alert when the driver appears to be falling asleep.
The NTSB has also recommended that the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration study active braking technology (that would engage the brakes in the event of an impending collision) and electronic stability control systems to determine whether or not such technology would be effective at reducing trucking accidents.
Truck drivers are often expected to work long hours. Despite laws regulating how many hours they can work without rest, many truck drivers are pushed to the maximum by schedules that require they drive long distances in as short a time as possible. That means truck drivers work long hours with little or no rest and are often pushed to exhaustion.
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It may seem benign enough—you assume that when a truck driver realizes he is tired, he will pull over to the side of the road. But fatigue can sneak up on anyone, even a truck driver. It is up to truck drivers and the companies they work for to ensure that they are properly rested and the highways are free of exhausted drivers.