The Employee Benefits Security Administration (EBSA) is responsible for ensuring plans such as Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) plans are run according to the law and to the benefit of the plan participants. According to an EBSA Fact Sheet (found online at dol.gov), the EBSA is responsible for more than 680,000 retirement plans and approximately 2.4 million health plans in addition to a variety of other welfare benefit plans.
In 2013, the EBSA closed more than 3,600 civil investigations, with 72.8 percent of those resulting in monetary results or other corrective action for the plans. In all, more than $420 million was either restored or recovered for plan participants and assets. Meanwhile, in 111 cases, a lawsuit was filed. Regarding criminal investigations, in 2013, 320 criminal investigations were closed, with 88 individuals indicted.
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Not all ERISA violations are the result of a malicious act on the part of plan fiduciaries. The laws can be complicated for employers to understand. Regardless, employees faithfully pay into those plans and expect that they are run according to the law, and that their benefits will be available to them as promised.
There are a variety of things that can go wrong with an ERISA plan. These include employers not making the promised payments to the plan, employers making imprudent or unreasonable investments, and plans being charged excessively high fees that can eat away at the assets.
In cases where ERISA plan fiduciaries have breached their duties, employees and plan beneficiaries have filed lawsuits to recover assets lost to their plans.