Premera is the third largest health insurer in Washington State, and was hit with a cyber attack initiated on May 5 of last year. The Premera attack exposed the personal information of as many as 11 million current and former clients of Premera across the US. While Premera noted on January 29 of this year - the day the data breach was discovered - that according to best information none of the personal data had been used surreptitiously, the fact remains that the data mined by cyber attackers is exactly the kind of information useful for perpetrating identity theft.
To that end, it has been reported that the cyber attackers targeted sensitive personal information such as names, dates of birth, Social Security numbers, mailing addresses, e-mail addresses, phone numbers, member identification numbers, bank account information, and claims and clinical information.
As for why the attack was not discovered for some eight months, Premera has said little. However, the breadth of the attack - affecting some 11 million people - and the delay in discovering the breach (initiated May 5, 2014 and revealed January 29, 2015) will likely provide much fodder for Premera cyber attack lawsuits.
According to the Puget Sound Business Journal, the New York Times had suggested the Premera cyber attack may have been perpetrated by the same China-based hackers who are suspected of breaching the federal Office of Personal Management (OPM) last month. However, the VP for communications at Premera, Eric Earling, notes there is no certainty the attack originated in China.
“We don’t have definitive evidence on the source of the attack and have not commented on that,” he said. “It continues to be under investigation by the FBI [Federal Bureau of Investigation] and we would leave the speculation to others.”
That said, it has been reported that the US government has traced all of these attacks to China.
Recent data breach attacks, including the Vivacity data breach and Connexion data breach, are reflective of a shift in targets, according to cyber attack experts. The attacks to the data systems of the federal OPM notwithstanding, it seems apparent that hackers are increasingly shifting their targets to health insurers in part due to the breadth of information available from the health records of clients.
The goal of cyber attackers in recent months, according to claims appearing in the New York Times, is to amass a huge trove of data on Americans.
Given such a headline as “Premera Blue Cross Reports Data Breach of 11 Million Accounts,” it appears they have a good start. While it might be a “win” for the hackers involved acquiring such data surreptitiously and illegally, it remains a huge loss in both privacy and peace of mind for millions of Americans who entrust their personal information to insurance providers, who, in turn, require such information in order to provide service. Consumers and clients also have historically assumed that such providers have taken steps to ensure their personal information is secure.
When it isn’t - and it takes eight months for a cyber attack to be identified - consumers have little recourse than to launch a Premera cyber attack lawsuit in order to achieve compensation for the breach, and as a hedge for the possibility of ample frustration down the road were the breach to evolve in a full-blown identity theft.
To that end, five class-action data breach lawsuits have been filed in US District Court for the District of Seattle. According to reports, two of the five lawsuits allege that Premera was warned in an April 2014 draft audit by the OPM that its IT systems “were vulnerable to attack because of inadequate severity precautions,” according to the text of the lawsuits.
Tennielle Cossey et al. vs. Premera asserts that the audit in question, “identified… vulnerabilities related to Premera’s failure to implement critical security patches and software updates, and warned that ‘failure to promptly install important updates increases the risk that vulnerabilities will not be.’
READ MORE PREMERA BLUE CROSS REPORTS DATA BREACH LEGAL NEWS
Moving forward, Premera Blue Cross data breach lawsuits are being consolidated into multidistrict litigation, given the number of Americans affected and their various locations across the country. An initial case management conference has been scheduled for August 7.
The case is In Re Premera Blue Cross Customer Data Security Breach Litigation, Case Number: 3:15-md-02633, US District Court for the District of Oregon. The most recent cases are Webb et al v. Premera Blue Cross, Case No. 3:15-cv-01156; Underwood v. Premera Blue Cross, Case No. 3:15-cv-01154; and Cushnie v. Premera Blue Cross, Case No. 3:15-cv-01101.