When a landlord faces the inability to pay a mortgage, the tenant suffers as well. And many times these evictions are a result of the inability to pay mortgage payments by the landlord.
Some tenants who have been evicted as a result of defaulted mortgages have reported that they signed leases during the foreclosure process without knowledge of the foreclosure or foreclosure began just a matter of days after moving into the homes. This results in financial loss and actually causes some of these tenants to become homeless.
For apartment buildings that are going into foreclosure, banks have been known to demand as much as five months of rent in advance or risk eviction that could occur in as few as three days. In other cases, utilities are cut off and tenants are dealing with the absence of such necessities as heat, air conditioning, and running water.
A company called Realtytrac, which monitors foreclosures, states that approximately 20% of the foreclosures that are occurring in the United States involves some sort of rental property. Some cities such as San Diego and Las Vegas are looking at a number as high as 45%.
Nevertheless, the inability to pay the mortgage on rental property is not something a landlord expects to occur and in many instances, they are not required to tell their tenants that they are in arrears. However, tenants hardly ever fight their landlords or lenders when they are told to move out and the renters usually lose any advance rent payments and security deposits. In such states as Illinois, there are groups that help renters relocate when they have been evicted as a result of foreclosure. Unfortunately, foreclosures take authority over the lease in Illinois, so there is no way to fight the eviction.
States such as the District of Columbia and New Jersey have protection in place that allows the lease to overrule the foreclosure. If an eviction happens as a result of foreclosure, then the tenant has the legal right to fight the eviction. Minnesota allows tenants to remain in the rental properties for six months after the home has been sold due to foreclosure. Other states such as Arizona and Nevada are looking to adopt new rules.
Also looking to adopt new rules is Congress who is reviewing a housing bill that will allow renters to receive a 90-day notice before being evicted for foreclosure. This would keep tenants from being given only days to move out of their homes.
READ MORE LEGAL NEWS
In some cities where foreclosure cannot evict the tenant, monthly rent is being increased by hundreds of dollars per month, which some have claimed is a tactic to force out the renters. This is said by some to be creative eviction in which it cannot be classified as an illegal eviction since renters can raise rent at any time. As for the communities fighting these evictions with locally adopted laws, they fear that there are more tactics being used to drive tenants out.
By Ginger Gillenwater