California Employee Labor Law Investigation
The labor commission began its investigation in 2016 after a San Diego based nonprofit organization, the Employee Rights Center, reported the unlawful wage theft practice. Investigators found that 559 janitors were being denied their lawfully earned wages at eight Cheesecake Factory restaurants across Orange and San Diego counties. The specific restaurants that were targeted for investigation were located in Brea (Brea Mall Way), Irvine (Spectrum Center Dr.), Huntington Beach (Edinger Ave.), Newport Beach (Newport Center Dr.), Mission Viejo (Shops at Mission Viejo), Escondido (Via Rancho Parkway), and San Diego (both Friars Rd. and Harbor Dr.).
Janitors working overnight at these locations began their shifts at midnight, and worked all night without being given meal and rest breaks as required by California labor code. They were also held after their eight-hour shift for “inspections.” During these inspections, management reviewed the thoroughness of their work. The janitors were not permitted to leave in the morning until any additional tasks they were given during these checks had been completed. As a result of these last minute tasks, janitors would often end up working up to 10 hours per week of overtime for which they were not paid in accordance with California labor law. California state labor laws require all non-exempt employees be paid “time and a half” (one-and-one-half times their regular rate of pay) for any hours worked over eight per day, or 40 hours per week.
Wage Theft As a Business Practice: Taking Advantage of Janitors
Unfortunately, wage theft is a common practice with janitorial employees. Janitors are more isolated than workers in other industries, frequently taking on night shifts when the buildings they are cleaning are otherwise unoccupied. Employers have a tendency to perceive cleaning staff as either unaware of their legal rights, or afraid to speak out against their employers for fear of retaliation. Retaliating against an employee for reporting wage theft is also an unlawful practice. But that doesn’t seem to spur janitors to come forward.
Compounding the problem, businesses have learned to create elaborate contracting and subcontracting schemes in order to avoid having to pay workers lawful wages. At times, janitors do not even know whom their employers are, and they are often paid in cash so that the violations cannot be traced. The problem is insidious—cleaning companies that strive to operate above board cannot compete with the lower bids offered by wage theft offenders. According to a University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) study, there is a strong correlation between California and labor law violations. Rates of wage theft are higher in California than in other urban centers like Chicago and New York. This may be because California companies tend to rely on complicated nets of contractors and subcontractors to evade detection.
The Legislature Fights Back Against California Prevailing Wage Violations
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Did Magic Touch Seek to Evade California Labor Employment Law Enforcement?
According to a spokesperson for California’s Department of Industrial Relations, Magic Touch was renamed “Z’s Commercial Quality Cleaning” to evade law enforcement. This is another tactic used by companies that rely on wage theft to boost profits and lower costs. By changing the name of the business, and registering a new entity under a different name, they attempt to throw the trail of the investigation. They may even use a distant relative, friend, or employee as a front for the new business so that the link to the former offending company is even harder to trace.