The pharmaceutical world has been giddy over the prospects of a weekly injection to control diabetes, as opposed to twice-daily injections that are the bastion of Byetta. Bydureon is, essentially, Byetta with a boffo feature that releases the benefits slowly and consistently over the course of a week from one single injection.
The promise of 13 fewer injections per week has, for many diabetes patients, overshadowed the risks. And there are risks, such as the potential for heart rate abnormalities, according to a recent report in The New York Times (6/30/12), announcing the sale of Amylin. Those risks were instrumental in the twice-denied Amylin application for Bydureon by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
As it is, in the same month that Bydureon won FDA approval—an event that ultimately led to the acquisition of Amylin by Squibb and Astra-Zeneca—the FDA chastised Amylin for withholding the results of a thorough QT study conducted for Health Canada that raised concerns about Bydureon.
Those concerns were apparently insufficient to discourage Squibb and AstraZeneca, which viewed the once-weekly injectable Bydureon as a must-have. In spite of Squibb assuming all Amylin debt and having to make a payment to buy out Amylin's former partner Eli Lilly & Company—and besides forking out nearly $7 billion between the two of them—the new owners of Amylin and the gatekeepers to the emerging Bydureon franchise are bullish about the prospects.
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Both drugs are fashioned from the saliva of the Gila monster, a poisonous lizard found in Mexico and the Southwestern US.
Various Byetta lawsuits have alleged kidney problems and other adverse reactions that have been serious enough to foster two deaths. Given the expected popularity of Bydureon, will a similar basket of side effects emerge? And with the acquisition of Amylin by Squibb and AstraZeneca for the chance to own the Bydureon franchise, are the new owners gambling that revenues will outpace the costs associate to defend Bydureon lawsuits, as has been the case with Byetta?
Health advocates, and diabetics will be following this bit of Byetta news for some time.