Allen, who was diagnosed with bladder cancer after taking Actos, filed a lawsuit alleging his use of Actos caused the bladder cancer. The trial was made more contentious because Takeda officials were accused of deliberately destroying documents that could harm their case. The judge in the case ruled during the trial that jurors could take the loss of documents as a sign that the documents would have supported Allen’s case.
Earlier in 2014, a jury awarded Allen $1.5 million in compensatory damages and $9 billion in punitive damages. The defendants then filed a motion for a new trial, arguing that the $9 billion in punitive damages is more than 6,100 times larger than the amount awarded for compensatory damages.
Takeda further argued that it did not have a legal duty to preserve the documents it destroyed, meaning it had not destroyed the documents in bad faith.
The plaintiffs objected to Takeda’s motion, arguing that evidence from the lawsuit showed that Takeda acted with reckless disregard for its patients, including hiding data from a clinical trial.
Now a judge has determined that the jurors properly considered all evidence in awarding $9 billion in punitive damages. “The jury acted within its role and discretion to attach whatever weight and make whatever reasonable inference it deemed appropriate when assessing the defendants’ conduct,” US District Judge Rebecca Doherty said in her ruling (as quoted by Bloomberg Businessweek [8/28/14]).
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It is expected that the award will be reduced on appeal.
Actos is used to treat Type 2 diabetes. Lawsuits filed against the drug’s maker allege patients were not adequately warned about the risk of developing bladder cancer as a result of using the medication. Despite the large award in the Allen lawsuit, some lawsuits have been found in favor of Takeda.
The Actos MDL is number 6:11-md-2299.