In a landmark ruling on November 18, US District Court Judge Stanwood Duval found that the Army Corps failed in its oversight role involving the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet (MRGO).
"The failure of the Corps to recognize the destruction that the MRGO had caused and the potential hazard that it created is clearly negligent on the part of the Corps," Duval said in his ruling.
"Furthermore, the Corps not only knew, but admitted by 1988, that the MRGO threatened human life and yet it did not act in time to prevent the catastrophic disaster that ensued with the onslaught of Hurricane Katrina."
The historic ruling serves as vindication for residents of New Orleans' Lower Ninth Ward and the neighboring St. Bernard Parish, and it could also serve as a precedent for future litigation and much larger payouts.
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In his ruling, Judge Duval stressed that he held the Army Corps of Engineers accountable for the failure of the MRGO and the devastation inherent with the Lower Ninth Ward and St. Bernard Parish, but not for the flooding of eastern New Orleans.
"It's just about holding the Corps accountable for what they did," a tearful plaintiff told the Associated Press after the ruling was announced. "They knew there were problems. I think the Corps of Engineers failed us.
"There's things we all lost. I lost things that are unreplaceable," she said. "It was a long and hard road."