In April of 2008, the great-grandparents and legal guardians of 9-year-old Victoria Anderson brought suit against her mother for endangering the young girl with secondhand smoke during her scheduled visitation times.
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The ruling was reached through what the court refers to as "judicial notice" in which, though the girl shows no particular signs of second-hand smoke related illness, the decision was based on compelling scientific evidence of the risks that smoking can present to children.
Similar cases have been popping up around the country, with family lawyers typically earning decisions based on the best interests of the child rather than a parent's individual right to smoke.
"If you don't have to prove that smoking is harmful to your child specifically...then that could become kind of a general order in almost any case," claims law Professor Mariana Brown Bettman in an interview with Cincinnati.com.