According to the FDA news release, (July 14, 2009), propoxyphene can treat pain effectively when it is used at recommended doses but can cause fatal overdose if not used according to guidelines. The FDA is requiring the manufacturers of Darvon and Darvocet to strengthen the warnings on the drugs' labels and to provide a medication guide alerting patients to the importance of following directions for using the medications.
In taking this action, the FDA has denied a petition from public interest group Public Citizen, which requested a full withdrawal of propoxyphene from the market. A Public Citizen news release (citizen.org June 19, 2008), noted that, "Propoxyphene is physically and psychologically addictive, is no more effective than safer alternatives and has been associated with more than 2,000 accidental deaths in America since 1981." The petition also noted that there were 22 million propoxyphene prescriptions filled in 2007, making it one of the 25 most prescribed generic drugs that year.
Regarding Darvocet, Public Citizen argues that the drug is more dangerous than acetaminophen alone but no more effective at treating post-operative pain than acetaminophen.
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Public Citizen further notes that the U.K. began a phased withdrawal of Darvocet from the British market in 2005. Furthermore, a special panel to the FDA recommended in January, 2009, that the agency ban Darvon and Darvocet. However, the FDA has determined that propoxyphene should remain on the market, with stronger warnings about the risks of overdose.
Propoxyphene has been on the market since 1957 and is in a group of drugs known as opiods. It is used to treat mild to moderate pain. Darvocet is a combination of propoxyphene and acetaminophen.