The data comes from information obtained by ProPublica from the U.S Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. According to ProPublica, the database covers approximately 118,000 issues in 14,565 nursing homes across the US. Information included on Nursing Home Inspect includes deficiencies reported during the home's last three inspection cycles (approximately the last three years).
Nursing Home Inspect, a tool that allows users to obtain information about individual nursing home deficiencies and inspections--as well as information on nursing homes by state--was last updated December 27, 2012.
According to Nursing Home Inspect data, the state with the highest number of average serious deficiencies per home is Kentucky, with an average of 1.45 serious deficiencies per home. Following Kentucky were Louisiana, Arkansas and South Carolina, with 1.09, 1.07 and 1.04 serious deficiencies per home, respectively. Texas, however, had the highest number of total serious deficiencies with 802, while Kentucky was second on the list with 405.
The most serious deficiencies--those rated J, K, or L--are those that pose immediate jeopardy to resident health or safety. Those given a rating of J are isolated, K indicates a pattern, and L means the issue is widespread.
Among deficiencies reported in nursing homes were neglect, unnecessarily medicating patients, and sexual, physical and verbal abuse. In the most serious cases, patient death was attributed to neglect or abuse on the part of nursing home staff. Nursing home staff in various homes were also reported for failing to notify police of incidents within the facilities.
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In both cases, inspectors found the homes posed "immediate jeopardy" to the health and safety of their residents.
Although the national average fine was $11,400, some states had an average of more than $50,000. Washington's average was just over $90,000 followed by Tennessee, with $63,000. That does not necessarily mean that their nursing homes had more serious deficiencies; it could be that those states have stiffer fines when nursing homes are found responsible for harm to patients.
Because Nursing Home Inspect includes information from official reports, it does not provide information on wrongful death, personal injury or other lawsuits filed by residents or their loved ones.